The Crucible: Summary and Background Information * Witchhunt - Political Metaphor - In Salemn a literal event - Looking for someone to blame (escapegoat) who is innocent * Salemn - Theocracy (Religious rules all) - New Settlement -> Defensive/Paranoid - Absolute belief in Hell/Devil - Lechery - Moral/Civil/Personal Crime - Dancing -> Linked with evil | - Play about Power | | Guilt - Loss of self | respect. even effects least powerful - Plot Development - Repressed society -> Children -> Sexual (From religion) -> Dance -> Individually | | | | Exists even today What are it's effects? * Don't write about Mc Carthyism (History essay) | Political Repression (of Communists) * Fear used as powerful weapon through language * Title relates to irony of the courts 'truth' and nastiness exposed. Best also exposed in a few. * At the end what is left of society?? * Conflict not just physical and words but internal and external * Audience drawn in from Parris's home to Proctor's home to the court to the jail (Personal->Public System) (Starts in bedroom) * Language - Archaic vocabulary, don't speak like us, different culture. John P. is like a poetic speaker * Author encourages you to make your own moral decision - right and wrong * Become involved with John from start * Issues: - Society Vs's Individual - Individual Vs's Authority - Why are people are the way they are? * Abigail & Danforth -> Obsessed with power - believes divine | => Care only for herself/himself Betrayed John -> used him for sex - Danforth may know Abigail lies but he wishes first to save reputation -> out to find witches (evil) | | - Hale finds truth * Be able to talk about basic set mentioned in book * Treated like animals * John Proctor stands up against court, later so does Hale * Integrity holds morals/individuals together | Name => John Proctor -> only thing which matters | Christ-like - innocent - hung at sunlight Questions to consider: Act: Questions: 1 Why did Miller have Abigail and Proctor alone in the room at Parris's house in this act? 2 How does Miller develop Proctor's inner conflict in this act? 3 Why did Miller start this act with no actors on stage and voices being heard from off the stage? 4 Why did Miller have this scene 3 months later in the Prison cell? Themes in the play: - Alienation in Society - The ethic of work in society - Conflict - Pride - Convention and Conformity - Good Vs's Evil - Authority Vs's Individual Freedom - Sanity - Spiritually Vs's Materialism Alienation in Society : Individual Vs's Group (Proctor) The ethic of work in Society : Behaivour eg. Poppets, church Conflict : Antagonist Vs's Protaganist (Proctor) Pride : (Proctor & Danforth) Convention & Conformity : (Putnam's) Good Vs's Evil : Society Vs's Individual : Revenge (eg. Abigail) - Evil : Peace (eg. Rebecca) - Good Authority Vs's Individual Freedom : (eg.Danforth Vs's Proctor) Sanity : (Sarah Good) Spiritually Vs's Materialism : (Rebecca Vs's Putnam) Return to last menu
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